Prevention

The veterinarians at Nova Veterinary Clinic recommend the following preventive care:

Vaccination

The dogs in Bulgaria are vaccinated for the following viral diseases: Distemper, Infectious Hepatitis, Parvovirosis, Parainfluenza, kennel cough, Leptospirosis, and rabies. The vaccination of the cats is against: Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Panleukopenia, Feline leukemia, chlamydia felis and rabies.

The small puppies and kittens have received some immunity from their mothers, but it is not enough to save them from the dangerous virus infections that they can easily get. The treatment of patients with such a weak immune system is often unsuccessful. Our suggestion is to take the necessary precautions and vaccinate the young animals until they build up a strong immunity.

After the startup vaccination scheme (consisting of 3 vaccines for the dogs and 2 for the cats) only a yearly revaccination is needed so that that defense against the infections is strengthened.

Do not underestimate our advice for full quarantine of the puppy or kitten before the vaccinations – it takes only a split second for the virus to contaminate the young organism. Letting the dog or cat out even for just a quick play may put its life at risk.

Parasites

Almost all dog and cat owners know that their pets may be infected with internal parasites – worms, tapeworms and so on – and thus regularly give deworming medications. These medications are usually tablets with combined action that affect both ringworms and tapeworms.

What is the best way to give these medications?

From a medical point of view, the best way is to examine every dog and cat at the age between 20 days and 6 months at least once (the best option is three times – once with every vaccination) for internal parasites. The adult pets (over 1-year-old) should be examined once in a year. The best thing you can do is make this examination as a part of the yearly routine checkup, together with the vaccination.

How often should you treat your pet against internal parasites?

The best option is to treat your pet once in every 30 days. Only in that way you can be sure that there are no eggs coming out that can threaten yours or your family’s health.

External parasites

Our pets are quite often contaminated with external parasites like ticks and fleas. Not only do these parasites do a lot of harm with their behavior, but they can also be very dangerous because of the diseases they may carry. Most pet owners know that when the weather gets warmer they need to protect their dog or cat from external parasites. They usually use collars, spot-on forms or powders.

How to correctly use the medications against external parasites?

During the warm months, the pets become victims of ticks, clearly visible to the naked eye. That is the reason why most dog and cat owners believe that treatment against external parasites is only necessary during these times of the year. Unfortunately, that is not true – the pet may be infected with fleas at any time of the year. And the real problem is that these parasites can jump on people and infect the pet owners and their homes.  Not treating your pet puts your whole family at risk.

How often should the pet be treated?

The spot-on forms (the ones that you apply as drops on the skin) should be applied once in every month. There is no spot-on form that remains active for more than a month. The anti-parasite collars have different duration of action – from three to eight months. That depends on the producer and correlates to the price of the product. The powders are efficient at the moment of application, but they do not act as a repellent and do not protect against future contamination.