Endoscopy is a medical procedure with minimum invasion, which is used to check the condition of the internal surface of the organs via a videoendoscope (a long narrow pipe with a camera at its end). The direct check of the interior of the organs helps to easily, quickly and more precisely diagnose some diseases. Depending on the symptoms, the endoscope is used to check the inner throat, the esophagus, the stomach and the small intestine, the colon (colonoscopy) or the airways – the nose, the throat and the lungs (bronchoscopy).
The video endoscope is equipped with a set of different biopsy clips (tissue samples can be collected with the endoscope and analyzed by a patohystologist for a more accurate diagnosis)
With the video endoscope we have the possibility to perform a visual check for the existance of stenosis, inflammations, erosions, bleeding, neoplasms and so on. With it, we can also perform some medical procedures, such as foreign object retrieval (in case of swallowing a foreign object, the video endoscope is an alternative to the surgical intervention), excision of polyps, coagulation, etc.
The video endoscopy is the best way to determine the diagnosis in case of a gastrointestinal disease.
One of the advantages of the endoscope is that it is a lot less invasive compared to the standard surgery and the recovery time is a lot faster. The preparation of the patient requires that the animal’s last feeding should be at least 12 hours before the procedure (for EGDS and bronchoscopy), and a deep cleansing enema (in case of colonoscopy). The procedures are performed under general anaesthetics so that the patient is not stressed. In most cases, the patient is sent home on the same day and hospitalization is not required. The whole procedure is saved on a CD and provided to the owners.